The Reading / Listening - Dirt and Babies - Level 3

It seems like common sense to most parents to make sure their baby is always in a clean place. Most parents do their best to keep dirt and bacteria away from their little ones. However, a scientist says dirt is an important part of making babies stronger. Dr Jack Gilbert from the University of Chicago studies the ecosystems of bacteria. He did research into how dirt and bacteria affect children. He published his research in a book called 'Dirt is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System'. He told America's NPR news station that: "It's fine to wash their hands if there's a…flu virus going around, but if they're interacting with a dog and the dog licks their face, that's not a bad thing."



Dr Gilbert wrote that letting children get dirty was largely beneficial. Exposing small kids to dirt helps them to build their immune system. Dr Gilbert even argues that children often get allergies because parents try to protect their kids too much and try too hard to clean everything that children use. He said parents now over-sterilize everything in the home. This causes children's immune systems to become too sensitive, which can lead to things like asthma, eczema, and food allergies. Gilbert even defended the "five-second rule". Many people think it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor for fewer than five seconds. Gilbert says it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor as long as the floor isn't really dirty.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Dirt and Babies - Level 0 Dirt and Babies - Level 1   or  Dirt and Babies - Level 2

Sources
  • http://www.scarymommy.com/jack-gilbert-scientist-dirt-good-for-kids/
  • https://www.immortal.org/34249/dirt-good-kids/
  • http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/07/16/537075018/dirt-is-good-why-kids-need-exposure-to-germs


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. DIRT: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about dirt. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       common sense / clean / bacteria / ecosystems / research / flu virus / a bad thing /
       beneficial / immune system / sensitive / asthma / food allergies / five-second rule

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. GOOD: Students A strongly believe dirt is good for babies and helps make them stronger; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. DIRTY: Is it OK for these things to be dirty? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

OK?

Why?

Baby's hands

 

 

Pacifier / Dummy

 

 

Baby's toys

 

 

The floor

 

 

Baby's spoon

 

 

Baby's clothes

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. BABY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "baby". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. BACTERIA: Rank these with your partner. Put the places with the most bacteria at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • pillow
  • mobile phone
  • escalator handrail
  • remote control
  • toilet seat
  • kitchen floor
  • fridge handle
  • computer keyboard

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says parents do little to keep babies in a clean place.     T / F
  2. Dr Jack Gilbert studies the places where bacteria live.     T / F
  3. The doctor published his research in a newspaper.     T / F
  4. The doctor said it's a bad thing for a dog to lick a baby's face.     T / F
  5. The doctor said dirt helped build a baby's immune system.     T / F
  6. The doctor said parents sterilize things in the home too much.     T / F
  7. Sterilizing everything increases the risk of children getting allergies.     T / F
  8. The doctor said eating food that fell on the floor for 2 seconds was bad.   T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. bacteria
  2. affect
  3. research
  4. fine
  5. interacting
  6. beneficial
  7. protect
  8. sterilize
  9. fell
  10. really
  1. useful
  2. acceptable
  3. clean
  4. being in contact
  5. truly
  6. germs
  7. dropped
  8. safeguard
  9. impact
  10. findings

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. common
  2. Most parents do their
  3. dirt is an important part of
  4. He published his
  5. if there's a flu virus
  6. letting children get dirty was largely
  7. dirt helps them to build their immune
  8. lead to things like
  9. the five-
  10. as long as the floor
  1. making babies stronger
  2. system
  3. asthma
  4. best
  5. isn't really dirty
  6. going around
  7. sense
  8. second rule
  9. research in a book
  10. beneficial

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
part
fine
sense
licks
research
going
little
called

It seems like common (1) ____________ to most parents to make sure their baby is always in a clean place. Most parents do their best to keep dirt and bacteria away from their (2) ____________ ones. However, a scientist says dirt is an important (3) ____________ of making babies stronger. Dr Jack Gilbert from the University of Chicago studies the ecosystems of bacteria. He did (4) ____________ into how dirt and bacteria affect children. He published his research in a book (5) ____________ 'Dirt is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System'. He told America's NPR news station that: "It's (6) ____________ to wash their hands if there's a…flu virus (7) ____________ around, but if they're interacting with a dog and the dog (8) ____________ their face, that's not a bad thing."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
system
everything
really
sensitive
dirty
fewer
protect
allergies

Dr Gilbert wrote that letting children get (9) ____________ was largely beneficial. Exposing small kids to dirt helps them to build their immune (10) ____________. Dr Gilbert even argues that children often get allergies because parents try to (11) ____________ their kids too much and try too hard to clean everything that children use. He said parents now over-sterilize (12) ____________ in the home. This causes children's immune systems to become too (13) ____________, which can lead to things like asthma, eczema, and food (14) ____________. Gilbert even defended the "five-second rule". Many people think it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor for (15) ____________ than five seconds. Gilbert says it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor as long as the floor isn't (16) ____________ dirty.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  common sense to most parents to make sure their baby is always in ______
     a.  a cleaning place
     b.  a clean places
     c.  a clean placed
     d.  a clean place

2)  Most parents do their best to keep dirt and bacteria away from ______
     a.  them little ones
     b.  their littler ones
     c.  their little ones
     d.  there little ones

3)  Dr Jack Gilbert from the University of Chicago studies the ecosystems ______
     a.  off bacteria
     b.  from bacteria
     c.  of bacteria
     d.  oft bacteria

4)  It's fine to wash their hands if there's a…flu ______ around
     a.  virus gone
     b.  virus going
     c.  viruses going
     d.  virus go in

5)  but if they're interacting with a dog and the dog ______
     a.  licks their face
     b.  flicks their face
     c.  slicks their face
     d.  tricks their face

6)  Dr Gilbert wrote that letting children get dirty was ______
     a.  largely beneficially
     b.  largely beneficial
     c.  largely beneficiary
     d.  largely benefiting

7)  Exposing small kids to dirt helps them to build their ______
     a.  immune systems
     b.  immune system
     c.  immunity systems
     d.  immunity system

8)  This causes children's immune systems to become ______
     a.  too sensitive
     b.  two sensitive
     c.  toe sensitive
     d.  to sensitive

9) people think it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor for ______ seconds
     a.  fewer that five
     b.  fewer them five
     c.  fewer those five
     d.  fewer than five

10)  it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor as long as the floor ______
     a.  isn't real dirty
     b.  isn't really dirty
     c.  isn't reality dirty
     d.  isn't realism dirty

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

It seems like common (1) ___________________ parents to make sure their baby (2) ___________________ clean place. Most parents do their best to keep dirt and bacteria away from their little ones. However, a scientist says (3) ___________________ important part of making babies stronger. Dr Jack Gilbert from the University of Chicago studies the ecosystems of bacteria. He did research into how dirt (4) ___________________ children. He published his research in a book called 'Dirt is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System'. He told America's NPR news station that: "It's fine to wash their (5) ___________________ a…flu virus going around, but if they're interacting with a dog and the dog licks their face, that's (6) ___________________."

Dr Gilbert wrote that letting children get (7) ___________________ beneficial. Exposing small kids to dirt helps them to build their immune system. Dr Gilbert (8) ___________________ children often get allergies because parents try to protect their kids too (9) ___________________ hard to clean everything that children use. He said parents now over-sterilize everything in the home. This causes (10) ___________________ to become too sensitive, which can lead to things like asthma, eczema, and food allergies. Gilbert even defended the "(11) ___________________". Many people think it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor for fewer than five seconds. Gilbert says it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor as (12) ___________________ isn't really dirty.

Comprehension questions

  1. Where is it common sense that parents keep their babies?
  2. What did a scientist say is an important part of making a baby stronger?
  3. What does Dr Jack Gilbert study?
  4. What is the name of the news station Dr Gilbert spoke to?
  5. When did the doctor say it was OK for parents to wash a baby's hands?
  6. What did the doctor say was largely beneficial?
  7. What can children get if parents try to protect their kids too much?
  8. What did the doctor say parents did too much in the home?
  9. How many seconds were mentioned in a rule?
  10. When is it OK to eat something that fell on the floor?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Where is it common sense that parents keep their babies?
a) in bed
b) in a clean place
c) in hospital
d) in a university

2) What did a scientist say is an important part of making a baby stronger?
a) friends
b) training
c) medicine
d) dirt

3) What does Dr Jack Gilbert study?
a) the ecosystems of bacteria
b) babies
c) parents
d) dogs

4) What is the name of the news station Dr Gilbert spoke to?
a) ABC
b) Fox
c) NPR
d) CNN

5) When did the doctor say it was OK for parents to wash a baby's hands?
a) if there's soap
b) if there's a flu virus
c) if they have allergies
d) after lunch

6) What did the doctor say was largely beneficial?
a) letting children get dirty
b) immune systems
c) allergies
d) protection

7) What can children get if parents try to protect their kids too much?
a) immunity
b) licks
c) allergies
d) dirty

8) What did the doctor say parents did too much in the home?
a) sterilize things
b) drop food
c) defend things
d) argue

9) How many seconds were mentioned in a rule?
a) 5
b) 6
c) 7
d) 8

10) When is it OK to eat something that fell on the floor?
a) if it's a kitchen floor
b) after 10 seconds
c) never
d) if the floor isn't dirty

Role play

Role  A – Toilet Seat

You think toilet seats are the dirtiest places in a house. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their places aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which is the cleanest of these (and why): the kitchen floor, pillows or the TV remote control.

Role  B – Kitchen Floor

You think the kitchen floor is the dirtiest place in a house. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their places aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which is the cleanest of these (and why): toilet seats, pillows or the TV remote control.

Role  C – Pillow

You think pillows are the dirtiest places in a house. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their places aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which is the cleanest of these (and why): the kitchen floor, toilet seats or the TV remote control.

Role  D – TV Remote Control

You think the TV remote control is the dirtiest place in a house. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their places aren't as dirty. Also, tell the others which is the cleanest of these (and why):  the kitchen floor, pillows or toilet seats.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'dirt'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'babies'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • letting
    • argues
    • hard
    • sensitive
    • fewer
    • really
    • common
    • part
    • research
    • news
    • virus
    • bad




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Dirt is good for babies

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'dirt'?
    3. How worried are you about dirt and bacteria?
    4. How at risk are babies from dirt?
    5. Are things dirtier now than before?
    6. What things do we need to clean all the time?
    7. Are babies stronger than we think?
    8. How clean is your house?
    9. Is dirt an important part of making a baby stronger?
    10. Is it OK for a dog to lick a baby's face?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'bacteria'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How clean are you?
    5. Are you happy to know that it's OK to get dirty?
    6. Are parents over-protective nowadays?
    7. Where is there most dirt in your house?
    8. Do you eat food that has fallen on the floor?
    9. What do you think of the five-second rule?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the doctor?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    It seems like common (1) ____ to most parents to make sure their baby is always in a (2) ____ place. Most parents do their best to keep dirt and bacteria away from their little ones. However, a scientist says dirt is an (3) ____ part of making babies stronger. Dr Jack Gilbert from the University of Chicago studies the ecosystems of bacteria. He did research (4) ____ how dirt and bacteria affect children. He published his research in a book called 'Dirt is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System'. He (5) ____ America's NPR news station that: "It's fine to wash their hands if there's a…flu virus going around, but if they're (6) ____ with a dog and the dog licks their face, that's not a bad thing."

    Dr Gilbert wrote that letting children get dirty was (7) ____ beneficial. Exposing small kids to dirt helps them to build their immune system. Dr Gilbert even argues that children often get (8) ____ because parents try to protect their kids too much and try too hard to clean everything that children use. He said parents now (9) ____-sterilize everything in the home. This causes children's immune systems to become too (10) ____, which can lead to things like asthma, eczema, and food allergies. Gilbert even defended the "five-second rule". Many people think it is OK to eat something (11) ____ fell on the floor for fewer than five seconds. Gilbert says it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor as (12) ____ as the floor isn't really dirty.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     nonsense     (b)     sense     (c)     sensory     (d)     sensible    
    2. (a)     cleanse     (b)     clean     (c)     cleaning     (d)     cleans    
    3. (a)     imported     (b)     importance     (c)     importantly     (d)     important    
    4. (a)     up to     (b)     into     (c)     unto     (d)     onto    
    5. (a)     telling     (b)     told     (c)     tells     (d)     tell    
    6. (a)     interacted     (b)     interaction     (c)     interacting     (d)     interact    
    7. (a)     large     (b)     largesse     (c)     largely     (d)     largest    
    8. (a)     allergens     (b)     allergic     (c)     allergies     (d)     allergy    
    9. (a)     pre     (b)     re     (c)     non     (d)     over    
    10. (a)     sensitive     (b)     sensitivity     (c)     sensitize     (d)     sensitively    
    11. (a)     that     (b)     then     (c)     what     (d)     which    
    12. (a)     high     (b)     wide     (c)     long     (d)     deep

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. mncomo sense
    2. keep dirt and iracbtea away
    3. a stntseici says dirt is an important part
    4. He published his hrecsaer in a book
    5. flu vsuir
    6. icnatintegr with a dog

    Paragraph 2

    1. letting children get dirty was largely lnfcibeaei
    2. build their menium system
    3. children often get aeellgirs
    4. become too tsiienvse
    5. the "five-ocsden rule"
    6. as long as the floor isn't earyll dirty

    Put the text back together

    1  )     It seems like common sense to most parents to make sure their baby is always in a clean place. Most parents do their

    (    )     Dr Gilbert wrote that letting children get dirty was largely beneficial. Exposing small kids to dirt helps

    (    )     around, but if they're interacting with a dog and the dog licks their face, that's not a bad thing."

    (    )     to protect their kids too much and try too hard to clean everything that children use. He said parents now over-

    (    )     America's NPR news station that: "It's fine to wash their hands if there's a…flu virus going

    (    )     sensitive, which can lead to things like asthma, eczema, and food allergies. Gilbert even defended the "five-

    (    )     second rule". Many people think it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor for fewer

    (    )     of bacteria. He did research into how dirt and bacteria affect children. He published his research in a book

    (    )     part of making babies stronger. Dr Jack Gilbert from the University of Chicago studies the ecosystems

    (    )     best to keep dirt and bacteria away from their little ones. However, a scientist says dirt is an important

    (    )     than five seconds. Gilbert says it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor as long as the floor isn't really dirty.

    (    )     called 'Dirt is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System'. He told

    (    )     sterilize everything in the home. This causes children's immune systems to become too

    (    )     them to build their immune system. Dr Gilbert even argues that children often get allergies because parents try

    Put the words in the right order

    1. sense   common   like   seems   It   parents   most   to   .
    2. a   Make   baby   in   place   their   always   clean   sure   is   .
    3. important   stronger   part   Dirt   of   is   making   an   babies   .
    4. He   into   and   children   research   dirt   affect   did   how   bacteria   .
    5. if   flu   around   hands   a   going   their   there's   virus   Wash   .
    6. beneficial   children   dirty   largely   Letting   get   was   .
    7. to   them   helps   Dirt   system   immune   their   build   .
    8. kids   their   protect   to   try   Parents   much   too   .
    9. for  seconds  fewer   on   that   floor   than   the   fell  Something  five  .
    10. OK   dirty   as   the   really   is   as   isn't   It   long   floor   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    It seems like common sense / sensible to most parents to make sure their baby is always in a clean / cleanse place. Most parents do their best to keep dirt and bacteria away from / of their little ones. However, a scientist says dirt is an important party / part of making babies strength / stronger. Dr Jack Gilbert from the University of Chicago studies the ecosystems of bacteria. He did research into how dirt and bacteria effect / affect children. He published his research in a book called / calls 'Dirt is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System'. He told America's NPR news station what / that: "It's fine to wash their hands if there's a…flu virus going / gone around, but if they're interacting with a dog and the dog licks their / there face, that's not a bad thing."

    Dr Gilbert wrote that lets / letting children get dirty was largely / large beneficial. Exposing small kids to dirt helps them to / by build their immune system. Dr Gilbert even argues that children often get allergy / allergies because parents try to protect their kids too / to much and try too hard to clean everything that children use. He said parents know / now over-sterilize everything in the home. This causes children's immune systems to become too sensitivity / sensitive, which can lead to things like asthma, eczema, and food allergies / allergic. Gilbert even defended the "five-second rule". Many people think it is OK to eat something that fall / fell on the floor for fewer than five seconds. Gilbert says it is OK to eat something that fell on the floor as long as the floor isn't real / really dirty.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _t s__ms l_k_ c_mm_n s_ns_ t_ m_st p_r_nts t_ m_k_ s_r_ th__r b_by _s _lw_ys _n _ cl__n pl_c_. M_st p_r_nts d_ th__r b_st t_ k__p d_rt _nd b_ct_r__ _w_y fr_m th__r l_ttl_ _n_s. H_w_v_r, _ sc__nt_st s_ys d_rt _s _n _mp_rt_nt p_rt _f m_k_ng b_b__s str_ng_r. Dr J_ck G_lb_rt fr_m th_ _n_v_rs_ty _f Ch_c_g_ st_d__s th_ _c_syst_ms _f b_ct_r__. H_ d_d r_s__rch _nt_ h_w d_rt _nd b_ct_r__ _ff_ct ch_ldr_n. H_ p_bl_sh_d h_s r_s__rch _n _ b__k c_ll_d 'D_rt _s G__d: Th_ _dv_nt_g_ _f G_rms f_r Y__r Ch_ld’s D_v_l_p_ng _mm_n_ Syst_m'. H_ t_ld _m_r_c_'s NPR n_ws st_t__n th_t: "_t's f_n_ t_ w_sh th__r h_nds _f th_r_'s _…fl_ v_r_s g__ng _r__nd, b_t _f th_y'r_ _nt_r_ct_ng w_th _ d_g _nd th_ d_g l_cks th__r f_c_, th_t's n_t _ b_d th_ng."

    Dr G_lb_rt wr_t_ th_t l_tt_ng ch_ldr_n g_t d_rty w_s l_rg_ly b_n_f_c__l. _xp_s_ng sm_ll k_ds t_ d_rt h_lps th_m t_ b__ld th__r _mm_n_ syst_m. Dr G_lb_rt _v_n _rg__s th_t ch_ldr_n _ft_n g_t _ll_rg__s b_c__s_ p_r_nts try t_ pr_t_ct th__r k_ds t__ m_ch _nd try t__ h_rd t_ cl__n _v_ryth_ng th_t ch_ldr_n _s_. H_ s__d p_r_nts n_w _v_r-st_r_l_z_ _v_ryth_ng _n th_ h_m_. Th_s c__s_s ch_ldr_n's _mm_n_ syst_ms t_ b_c_m_ t__ s_ns_t_v_, wh_ch c_n l__d t_ th_ngs l_k_ _sthm_, _cz_m_, _nd f__d _ll_rg__s. G_lb_rt _v_n d_f_nd_d th_ "f_v_-s_c_nd r_l_". M_ny p__pl_ th_nk _t _s _K t_ __t s_m_th_ng th_t f_ll _n th_ fl__r f_r f_w_r th_n f_v_ s_c_nds. G_lb_rt s_ys _t _s _K t_ __t s_m_th_ng th_t f_ll _n th_ fl__r _s l_ng _s th_ fl__r _sn't r__lly d_rty.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    it seems like common sense to most parents to make sure their baby is always in a clean place most parents do their best to keep dirt and bacteria away from their little ones however a scientist says dirt is an important part of making babies stronger dr jack gilbert from the university of chicago studies the ecosystems of bacteria he did research into how dirt and bacteria affect children he published his research in a book called 'dirt is good the advantage of germs for your child’s developing immune system' he told america's npr news station that "it's fine to wash their hands if there's a…flu virus going around but if they're interacting with a dog and the dog licks their face that's not a bad thing"

    dr gilbert wrote that letting children get dirty was largely beneficial exposing small kids to dirt helps them to build their immune system dr gilbert even argues that children often get allergies because parents try to protect their kids too much and try too hard to clean everything that children use he said parents now over-sterilize everything in the home this causes children's immune systems to become too sensitive which can lead to things like asthma eczema and food allergies gilbert even defended the "five-second rule" many people think it is ok to eat something that fell on the floor for fewer than five seconds gilbert says it is ok to eat something that fell on the floor as long as the floor isn't really dirty

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Itseemslikecommonsensetomostparentstomakesuretheirbabyisalw
    aysinacleanplace.Mostparentsdotheirbesttokeepdirtandbacteriaaw
    ayfromtheirlittleones.However,ascientistsaysdirtisanimportantpart
    ofmakingbabiesstronger.DrJackGilbertfromtheUniversityofChicago
    studiestheecosystemsofbacteria.Hedidresearchintohowdirtandbact
    eriaaffectchildren.Hepublishedhisresearchinabookcalled'DirtisGood
    :TheAdvantageofGermsforYourChild’sDevelopingImmuneSystem'.
    HetoldAmerica'sNPRnewsstationthat:"It'sfinetowashtheirhandsifth
    ere'sa…fluvirusgoingaround,butifthey'reinteractingwithadogandthe
    doglickstheirface,that'snotabadthing."DrGilbertwrotethatlettingchil
    drengetdirtywaslargelybeneficial.Exposingsmallkidstodirthelpsthe
    mtobuildtheirimmunesystem.DrGilbertevenarguesthatchildrenofte
    ngetallergiesbecauseparentstrytoprotecttheirkidstoomuchandtryto
    ohardtocleaneverythingthatchildrenuse.Hesaidparentsnowover-
    sterilizeeverythinginthehome.Thiscauseschildren'simmunesystems
    tobecometoosensitive,whichcanleadtothingslikeasthma,eczema,an
    dfoodallergies.Gilbertevendefendedthe"five-secondrule".Manypeo
    plethinkitisOKtoeatsomethingthatfellonthefloorforfewerthanfivesec
    onds.GilbertsaysitisOKtoeatsomethingthatfellontheflooraslongasth
    efloorisn'treallydirty.

    Free writing

    Write about dirt and babies for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Dirt and germs are very bad for babies. Discuss.

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    Homework

    TRUE / FALSE (p.4)

    a

    F

    b

    T

    c

    F

    d

    F

    e

    T

    f

    T

    g

    T

    h

    F

    SYNONYM MATCH (p.4)

    1. bacteria
    2. affect
    3. research
    4. fine
    5. interacting
    6. beneficial
    7. protect
    8. sterilize
    9. fell
    10. really

     

    1. germs
    2. impact
    3. findings
    4. acceptable
    5. being in contact
    6. useful
    7. safeguard
    8. clean
    9. dropped
    10. truly

     

    COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS (p.8)

    1.

    In a clean place

    2.

    Dirt

    3.

    The ecosystems of bacteria

    4.

    NPR

    5.

    If there's a flu virus

    6.

    Letting children get dirty

    7.

    Allergies

    8.

    Sterilize everything

    9.

    Five

    10.

    If the floor isn't really dirty

    MULTIPLE CHOICE - QUIZ (p.9)

    1.

    b

    2.

    d

    3.

    a

    4.

    c

    5.

    b

    6.

    a

    7.

    c

    8.

    a

    9.

    a

    10.

    d

    ALL OTHER EXERCISES

    Please check for yourself by looking at the Article on page 2.
    (It's good for your English ;-)

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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