The Reading / Listening - Fasting - Level 2

Scientists have done tests on mice that show fasting can have health benefits. Fasting is eating or drinking little or nothing for a short period of time - 24 hours or sometimes a few days. The tests were done at universities in the USA and Italy. Scientists found that fasting in mice can lower the risk of diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other diseases. The scientists fed mice for four days on a diet low in calories, protein and carbohydrates but high in fat. They then gave the mice just 10% of their normal food for three days. The scientists found this made the pancreas in the mice work better.



The pancreas is the organ that uses special beta cells to produce the hormone insulin. The body uses insulin to break down sugar in the blood. People with diabetes cannot produce enough insulin so they have health problems and it can be deadly. There is too much sugar in their blood. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops producing insulin. In type 2 diabetes, either not enough insulin is produced or the insulin has no effect. Scientists said the fasting mice produced increased amounts of insulin. They said their results were promising and tests now needed to be done on humans.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Fasting - Level 0 Fasting - Level 1   or  Fasting - Level 3

Sources
  • http://www.nhs.uk/news/2017/02February/Pages/Fasting-diet-may-help-regenerate-diabetic-pancreas.aspx
  • http://www.sciencealert.com/this-fasting-diet-could-reverse-diabetes-and-repair-the-pancreas-says-new-research
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasting


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Scientists have done tests
  2. Fasting is eating or drinking
  3. for a short
  4. lower the risk
  5. The scientists fed
  6. a diet low
  7. They then gave the mice just 10%
  8. this made the pancreas in the
  1. of diabetes
  2. in calories
  3. mice work better
  4. mice for four days
  5. of their normal food
  6. on mice
  7. period of time
  8. little or nothing

Paragraph 2

  1. The body uses insulin to break down
  2. the hormone
  3. the pancreas stops
  4. not enough
  5. or the insulin has
  6. the fasting mice produced increased
  7. They said their results
  8. tests now needed to
  1. producing insulin
  2. were promising
  3. no effect
  4. be done on humans
  5. sugar in the blood
  6. insulin is produced
  7. insulin
  8. amounts of insulin

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have (1) ___________________ mice that show fasting can have health benefits. Fasting is eating or drinking little or nothing (2) ___________________ of time - 24 hours or sometimes a few days. The tests were done at universities in the USA and Italy. Scientists found that fasting in mice (3) ___________________ risk of diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other diseases. The scientists fed mice (4) ___________________ a diet low in calories, protein and carbohydrates (5) ___________________. They then gave the mice just 10% of their normal food for three days. The scientists found this made the pancreas in the (6) ___________________.

The pancreas is the organ (7) ___________________ beta cells to produce the hormone insulin. The body uses insulin to break down (8) ___________________. People with diabetes cannot produce enough insulin so they have health problems (9) ___________________ deadly. There is too much sugar in their blood. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops producing insulin. In type 2 diabetes, (10) ___________________ insulin is produced or the insulin has no effect. Scientists said the fasting mice produced increased (11) ___________________. They said their results were promising and tests now needed (12) ___________________ humans.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Scientistshavedonetestsonmicethatshowfastingcanhavehealthben
efits.Fastingiseatingordrinkinglittleornothingforashortperiodoftime
-24hoursorsometimesafewdays.Thetestsweredoneatuniversitiesi
ntheUSAandItaly.Scientistsfoundthatfastinginmicecanlowertherisk
ofdiabetes,heartdisease,cancerandotherdiseases.Thescientistsfed
miceforfourdaysonadietlowincalories,proteinandcarbohydratesbut
highinfat.Theythengavethemicejust10%oftheirnormalfoodforthree
days.Thescientistsfoundthismadethepancreasinthemiceworkbetter
.Thepancreasistheorganthatusesspecialbetacellstoproducethehor
moneinsulin.Thebodyusesinsulintobreakdownsugarintheblood.Peo
plewithdiabetescannotproduceenoughinsulinsotheyhavehealthprob
lemsanditcanbedeadly.Thereistoomuchsugarintheirblood.Intype1d
iabetes,thepancreasstopsproducinginsulin.Intype2diabetes,either
otenoughinsulinisproducedortheinsulinhasnoeffect.Scientistssaidth
efastingmiceproducedincreasedamountsofinsulin.Theysaidtheirres
ultswerepromisingandtestsnowneededtobedoneonhumans.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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