The Reading / Listening - Level 6

A study from Stanford University in the USA suggests that very stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls in different ways. Researchers say that girls suffer more after traumatic events and are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that because of this, girls and boys should be treated differently by doctors during the recovery process from PTSD. Lead researcher Dr Megan Klabunde said: "It is important that people who work with traumatised youth consider the sex differences. Our findings suggest it is possible that boys and girls could exhibit different trauma symptoms and that they might benefit from different approaches to treatment."



The research focused on a part of the brain that deals with emotions and empathy, called the insula. The smaller the insula, the more likely it is that someone will suffer from PTSD. Researchers discovered that the insula was particularly small in girls who had gone through a traumatic event. It was larger than usual in boys who had experienced a distressing, shocking or frightening event. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events, such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or threats on a person's life. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal thoughts, nightmares related to the events, and alterations to how a person thinks and feels.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Level 4  or  Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/health-37936514
  • http://med.stanford.edu/news/all-news/2016/11/traumatic-stress-changes-brains-of-boys-girls-differently.html
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. STRESS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about stress. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       study / stressful / suffer / traumatic / recovery / differences / symptoms / treatment /
       brain / emotions / empathy / frightening / mental / assault / warfare / suicidal

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. USEFUL: Students A strongly believe stress has a useful function; Students B strongly believe it doesn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. STRESSFUL THINGS: How stressful are these things and why? How can we deal with them? Discuss this with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

  • Exams
  • Family fights
  • Money worries
  • Job
  • Social media
  • Marriage
MY e-BOOK
See a sample

5. BRAIN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "brain". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. STRESSES: Rank these with your partner. Put the best stresses at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • dating
  • social media
  • school / job
  • the future
  • exams
  • traffic jams
  • family fights
  • money worries

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The research was from Oxford University in the UK.     T / F
  2. The research says girls are more likely to suffer from PTSD.     T / F
  3. Boys and girls should be treated differently for stress.     T / F
  4. Boys and girls show different symptoms when stressed.     T / F
  5. The research focused on a part of the brain that deals with trauma.     T / F
  6. A part of the brain called the insula was bigger in girls.     T / F
  7. PTSD is a physical disorder.     T / F
  8. Symptoms of PTSD include having suicidal thoughts.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. study
  2. affects
  3. likely
  4. recovery
  5. treatment
  6. deals with
  7. traumatic
  8. develop
  9. collisions
  10. alterations
  1. disturbing
  2. healing
  3. report
  4. crashes
  5. probable
  6. changes
  7. therapy
  8. influences
  9. evolve
  10. handles

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. girls suffer more after
  2. during the recovery
  3. people who work with
  4. girls could exhibit different trauma
  5. benefit from different approaches
  6. the brain that deals
  7. sexual
  8. traffic
  9. suicidal
  10. alterations to
  1. thoughts
  2. symptoms
  3. collisions
  4. with emotions
  5. process
  6. traumatic events
  7. how a person thinks
  8. to treatment
  9. assault
  10. traumatised youth

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
likely
process
suggests
exhibit
differences
treated
approaches
suffer

A study from Stanford University in the USA (1) ____________ that very stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls in different ways. Researchers say that girls (2) ____________more after traumatic events and are more (3) ____________to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that because of this, girls and boys should be (4) ____________differently by doctors during the recovery (5) ____________from PTSD. Lead researcher Dr Megan Klabunde said: "It is important that people who work with traumatised youth consider the sex (6) ____________. Our findings suggest it is possible that boys and girls could (7) ____________different trauma symptoms and that they might benefit from different (8) ____________to treatment."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
smaller
distressing
part
threats
through
thoughts
particularly
develop

The research focused on a (9) ____________of the brain that deals with emotions and empathy, called the insula. The (10) ____________the insula, the more likely it is that someone will suffer from PTSD. Researchers discovered that the insula was (11) ____________small in girls who had gone (12) __________a traumatic event. It was larger than usual in boys who had experienced a (13) ____________, shocking or frightening event. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that can (14) ____________after traumatic events, such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or (15) ____________on a person's life. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal (16) ____________, nightmares related to the events, and alterations to how a person thinks and feels.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  suggests that very stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls ______
     a.  in different weighs
     b.  in different ways
     c.  in difference ways
     d.  on different ways

2)  girls and boys should be treated differently by doctors during ______
     a.  the recovery process
     b.  the recovering process
     c.  the recovered process
     d.  the recovers process

3)  It is important that people who work with traumatised youth consider ______
     a.  the sexy differences
     b.  the sexist differences
     c.  the sexed differences
     d.  the sex differences

4)  it is possible that boys and girls could exhibit different ______
     a.  trauma suctions
     b.  trauma samples
     c.  trauma systems
     d.  trauma symptoms

5)  they might benefit from different approaches ______
     a.  to treat meant
     b.  to treatment
     c.  to treatments
     d.  to tree mint

6)  The research focused on a part of the brain that deals with ______
     a.  emotion and empathy
     b.  emotions and empathy
     c.  emotions and empathies
     d.  emotion and empathies

7)  The smaller the insula, the more likely it is that someone will ______
     a.  suffer for PTSD
     b.  suffer from PTSD
     c.  suffers from PTSD
     d.  suffered from PTSD

8)  the insula was particularly small in girls who had gone through ______
     a.  a traumatic events
     b.  a traumatic eventual
     c.  a traumatic eventually
     d.  a traumatic event

9)  such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or threats ______
     a.  on a person's live
     b.  on a person's lifer
     c.  on a person's life
     d.  on a person's lift

10)  Symptoms may include disturbing or ______
     a.  suicidal thoughts
     b.  suicide all thoughts
     c.  suicide and thoughts
     d.  suicides thoughts

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A study from Stanford University in the USA (1) ___________________ stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls (2) _________________. Researchers say that girls suffer more after traumatic events and are (3) ___________________ develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that because of this, girls and boys should be treated differently by doctors during (4) ___________________ from PTSD. Lead researcher Dr Megan Klabunde said: "It is important that people who work with traumatised (5) ___________________ sex differences. Our findings suggest it is possible that boys and girls could exhibit different trauma symptoms and that they might benefit from (6) ___________________ treatment."

The research (7) ___________________ of the brain that deals with emotions and empathy, called the insula. The smaller the insula, the more (8) ___________________ someone will suffer from PTSD. Researchers discovered that the insula (9) ___________________ small in girls who had gone through a traumatic event. It was larger than usual in boys who had experienced a distressing, shocking (10) ___________________. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events, (11) ___________________ assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or threats on a person's life. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal thoughts, nightmares related to the events, (12) ___________________ how a person thinks and feels.

Comprehension questions

  1. Which university carried out the research from this article?
  2. What do stressful events affect differently in boys and girls?
  3. How should girls and boys who suffer from PTDS be treated?
  4. Who should consider the sex differences between boys and girls?
  5. What could traumatised boys and girls benefit from?
  6. What does the part of the brain called the insula deal with?
  7. How big was the insula in traumatised girls?
  8. What did the article say PTSD was?
  9. What kind of collisions were mentioned in the article?
  10. What kind of thoughts are included in the symptoms of PTSD?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Which university carried out the research from this article?
a) Oxford
b) Stanford
c) Sorbonne
d) Tokyo

2) What do stressful events affect differently in boys and girls?
a) their stomachs
b) chemicals
c) their eyes
d) their brains

3) How should girls and boys who suffer from PTDS be treated?
a) quickly
b) carefully
c) differently
d) the same

4) Who should consider the sex differences between boys and girls?
a) those who work with traumatised youth
b) all of us
c) doctors
d) boys

5) What could traumatised boys and girls benefit from?
a) time
b) different approaches to treatment
c) fruit
d) symptoms

6) What does the part of the brain called the insula deal with?
a) emotions and empathy
b) trauma and symptoms
c) fear and stress
d) the heart and soul

7) How big was the insula in traumatised girls?
a) over-sized
b) the size of a peanut
c) particularly small
d) average size

8) What did the article say PTSD was?
a) a mental disorder
b) the unknown
c) difficult
d) scary

9) What kind of collisions were mentioned in the article?
a) cultures
b) tectonic plates
c) planetary
d) traffic

10) What kind of thoughts are included in the symptoms of PTSD?
a) nice thoughts
b) original thoughts
c) suicidal thoughts
d) genuine thoughts

Role play

Role A — Exams

You think worrying about exams is the most stressful thing. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): traffic jams, money or the future.

Role B — Traffic

You think being stick in traffic is the most stressful thing. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): exams, money or the future.

Role C — Money Worries

You think money is the most stressful thing. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): traffic jams, exams or the future.

Role D — The Future

You think the future is the most stressful thing. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as stressful. Also, tell the others which is the least stressful of these (and why): traffic jams, money or exams.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'stress'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'trauma'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • part
    • smaller
    • through
    • shocking
    • life
    • feels
    • very
    • because
    • during
    • work
    • possible
    • benefit




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Boys and girls react differently to stress

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What springs to mind when you hear the word 'stress'?
    3. What makes you stressed?
    4. Why are some people better than others at dealing with stress?
    5. Why might stress affect boys and girls differently?
    6. What would life be like without stress?
    7. What's the most stressed you've ever been?
    8. How do you think doctors deal with stress?
    9. Is life becoming more stressful? Why?
    10. What's the best way to manage stress?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you know about post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    3. What damage does stress do to the body?
    4. How does stress change people?
    5. Who are emotionally stronger, boys or girls?
    6. Are there any advantages of feeling stressed?
    7. What is the world's most stressful job?
    8. What stress do you cause other people?
    9. Why is it difficult for us to deal with stress?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A study from Stanford University in the USA suggests that very stressful events (1) ____ the brains of boys and girls in different ways. Researchers say that girls suffer more after traumatic events and are more (2) ____ to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that (3) ____ of this, girls and boys should be treated differently by doctors during the recovery process from PTSD. Lead researcher Dr Megan Klabunde said: "It is important that people who work with traumatised youth (4) ____ the sex differences. Our findings suggest it is possible that boys and girls could (5) ____ different trauma symptoms and that they might (6) ____ from different approaches to treatment."

    The research focused on a part of the brain that deals with emotions and (7) ____, called the insula. The smaller the insula, the more likely it is that someone will suffer from PTSD. Researchers discovered that the insula was (8) ____ small in girls who had (9) ____ through a traumatic event. It was larger than (10) ____ in boys who had experienced a distressing, shocking or frightening event. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events, such (11) ____ sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or threats on a person's life. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal thoughts, nightmares related to the events, and (12) ____ to how a person thinks and feels.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     effect     (b)     inflict     (c)     affect     (d)     afford    
    2. (a)     likely     (b)     liked     (c)     likeable     (d)     liking    
    3. (a)     because     (b)     due     (c)     such     (d)     example    
    4. (a)     consider     (b)     considerable     (c)     considerate     (d)     considers    
    5. (a)     showcase     (b)     exhibit     (c)     parade     (d)     unveil    
    6. (a)     benefits     (b)     beneficial     (c)     beneficiary     (d)     benefit    
    7. (a)     homeopathy     (b)     telepathy     (c)     empathy     (d)     antipathy    
    8. (a)     purposefully     (b)     predictably     (c)     posthumously     (d)     particularly    
    9. (a)     gone     (b)     went     (c)     sailed     (d)     breezed    
    10. (a)     usual     (b)     unusual     (c)     usually     (d)     useful    
    11. (a)     was     (b)     as     (c)     has     (d)     ease    
    12. (a)     altercations     (b)     alternatives     (c)     alterations     (d)     alliterations

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. post-traumatic stress ordsrdie (PTSD)
    2. girls and boys should be ttaeedr differently
    3. during the ercevyro process from PTSD
    4. roecsind the sex differences
    5. exhibit different trauma ymmsstpo
    6. benefit from different eochrppaas

    Paragraph 2

    1. deals with emotions and ymhapet
    2. the insula was ayrpllrctaiu small in girls
    3. sexual utsasla
    4. traffic oiosilscnl
    5. disturbing or cduaiisl thoughts
    6. reialsantot to how a person thinks

    Put the text back together

    (    )     usual in boys who had experienced a distressing, shocking or frightening event. Post-traumatic stress

    (    )     the insula was particularly small in girls who had gone through a traumatic event. It was larger than

    (    )     thoughts, nightmares related to the events, and alterations to how a person thinks and feels.

    (    )     The research focused on a part of the brain that deals with emotions and empathy, called

    1  )     A study from Stanford University in the USA suggests that very stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls in

    (    )     that they might benefit from different approaches to treatment."

    (    )     important that people who work with traumatised youth consider the sex differences. Our findings suggest it is possible

    (    )     assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or threats on a person's life. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal

    (    )     develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that because of this, girls and boys should be

    (    )     disorder is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events, such as sexual

    (    )     treated differently by doctors during the recovery process from PTSD. Lead researcher Dr Megan Klabunde said: "It is

    (    )     different ways. Researchers say that girls suffer more after traumatic events and are more likely to

    (    )     the insula. The smaller the insula, the more likely it is that someone will suffer from PTSD. Researchers discovered that

    (    )     that boys and girls could exhibit different trauma symptoms and

    Put the words in the right order

    1. events   brains   and   stressful   the   boys   Very   affect   of   girls   .
    2. traumatic   girls  events   suffer  Researchers   more  say   after   that  .
    3. should   doctors   be   Girls   treated   and   differently   boys   by   .
    4. symptoms   trauma   different   exhibit   could   girls   and   Boys   .
    5. approaches   different   from   benefit   might   They   treatment   to   .
    6. Research  emotions  with  deals  that  brain  the  of  part  a  on  focused  .
    7. will   suffer   from   PTSD   The   more   likely   it   is   that   someone   .
    8. event   girls   gone   traumatic   in   had   a   Small   who   through   .
    9. traumatic   that   events   can   A   develop   mental   after   disorder   .
    10. disturbing   suicidal   Symptoms   include   or   thoughts   may   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A study from Stanford University in the USA suggests / suggesting that very stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls in difference / different ways. Researchers say that girls suffer many / more after traumatic events and are more likely / likeable to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also say that because of this, girls and boys should be treated differently / different by doctors during the recover / recovery process from PTSD. Lead researcher Dr Megan Klabunde said: "It is important what / that people who work with traumatised youth consider / considering the sex differences. Our findings suggest it is possible / possibility that boys and girls could exhibit different trauma symptoms and that they might benefit / beneficial from different approaches to treatment."

    The research focused / focus on a part of the brain that deals with emotions and empathy, calling / called the insula. The smaller the insula, the more likely it is that someone will suffer for / from PTSD. Researchers discovered that the insula was particular / particularly small in girls who had gone through a traumatic / trauma event. It was larger than unusual / usual in boys who had experienced a distress / distressing, shocking or frightening event. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that can development / develop after traumatic events, such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, or threats on / at a person's life. Symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal thoughts, nightmares related to the events, and alterations / altercations to how a person thinks and feels.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _ st_dy fr_m St_nf_rd _n_v_rs_ty _n th_ _S_ s_gg_sts th_t v_ry str_ssf_l _v_nts _ff_ct th_ br__ns _f b_ys _nd g_rls _n d_ff_r_nt w_ys. R_s__rch_rs s_y th_t g_rls s_ff_r m_r_ _ft_r tr__m_t_c _v_nts _nd _r_ m_r_ l_k_ly t_ d_v_l_p p_st-tr__m_t_c str_ss d_s_rd_r (PTSD). Th_y _ls_ s_y th_t b_c__s_ _f th_s, g_rls _nd b_ys sh__ld b_ tr__t_d d_ff_r_ntly by d_ct_rs d_r_ng th_ r_c_v_ry pr_c_ss fr_m PTSD. L__d r_s__rch_r Dr M_g_n Kl_b_nd_ s__d: "_t _s _mp_rt_nt th_t p__pl_ wh_ w_rk w_th tr__m_t_s_d y__th c_ns_d_r th_ s_x d_ff_r_nc_s. __r f_nd_ngs s_gg_st _t _s p_ss_bl_ th_t b_ys _nd g_rls c__ld _xh_b_t d_ff_r_nt tr__m_ sympt_ms _nd th_t th_y m_ght b_n_f_t fr_m d_ff_r_nt _ppr__ch_s t_ tr__tm_nt."

    Th_ r_s__rch f_c_s_d _n _ p_rt _f th_ br__n th_t d__ls w_th _m_t__ns _nd _mp_thy, c_ll_d th_ _ns_l_. Th_ sm_ll_r th_ _ns_l_, th_ m_r_ l_k_ly _t _s th_t s_m__n_ w_ll s_ff_r fr_m PTSD. R_s__rch_rs d_sc_v_r_d th_t th_ _ns_l_ w_s p_rt_c_l_rly sm_ll _n g_rls wh_ h_d g_n_ thr__gh _ tr__m_t_c _v_nt. _t w_s l_rg_r th_n _s__l _n b_ys wh_ h_d _xp_r__nc_d _ d_str_ss_ng, sh_ck_ng _r fr_ght_n_ng _v_nt. P_st-tr__m_t_c str_ss d_s_rd_r _s _ m_nt_l d_s_rd_r th_t c_n d_v_l_p _ft_r tr__m_t_c _v_nts, s_ch _s s_x__l _ss__lt, w_rf_r_, tr_ff_c c_ll_s__ns, _r thr__ts _n _ p_rs_n's l_f_. Sympt_ms m_y _ncl_d_ d_st_rb_ng _r s__c_d_l th__ghts, n_ghtm_r_s r_l_t_d t_ th_ _v_nts, _nd _lt_r_t__ns t_ h_w _ p_rs_n th_nks _nd f__ls.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a study from stanford university in the usa suggests that very stressful events affect the brains of boys and girls in different ways researchers say that girls suffer more after traumatic events and are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd) they also say that because of this girls and boys should be treated differently by doctors during the recovery process from ptsd lead researcher dr megan klabunde said "it is important that people who work with traumatised youth consider the sex differences our findings suggest it is possible that boys and girls could exhibit different trauma symptoms and that they might benefit from different approaches to treatment"

    the research focused on a part of the brain that deals with emotions and empathy called the insula the smaller the insula the more likely it is that someone will suffer from ptsd researchers discovered that the insula was particularly small in girls who had gone through a traumatic event it was larger than usual in boys who had experienced a distressing shocking or frightening event post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events such as sexual assault warfare traffic collisions or threats on a person's life symptoms may include disturbing or suicidal thoughts nightmares related to the events and alterations to how a person thinks and feels

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    AstudyfromStanfordUniversityintheUSAsuggeststhatverystressfule
    ventsaffectthebrainsofboysandgirlsindifferentways.Researcherssay
    thatgirlssuffermoreaftertraumaticeventsandaremorelikelytodevelo
    ppost-traumaticstressdisorder(PTSD).Theyalsosaythatbecauseoft
    his,girlsandboysshouldbetreateddifferentlybydoctorsduringthereco
    veryprocessfromPTSD.LeadresearcherDrMeganKlabundesaid:"Itisi
    mportantthatpeoplewhoworkwithtraumatisedyouthconsiderthesex
    differences.Ourfindingssuggestitispossiblethatboysandgirlscouldex
    hibitdifferenttraumasymptomsandthattheymightbenefitfromdiffere
    ntapproachestotreatment."Theresearchfocusedonapartofthebraint
    hatdealswithemotionsandempathy,calledtheinsula.Thesmallerthei
    nsula,themorelikelyitisthatsomeonewillsufferfromPTSD.Researcher
    sdiscoveredthattheinsulawasparticularlysmallingirlswhohadgoneth
    roughatraumaticevent.Itwaslargerthanusualinboyswhohadexperie
    ncedadistressing,shockingorfrighteningevent.Post-traumaticstr
    essdisorderisamentaldisorderthatcandevelopaftertraumaticevents,
    suchassexualassault,warfare,trafficcollisions,orthreatsonaperson's
    life.Symptomsmayincludedisturbingorsuicidalthoughts,nightmares
    relatedtotheevents,andalterationstohowapersonthinksandfeels.

    Free writing

    Write about stress for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Academic writing

    Stress is good for us. Discuss.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about PTSD. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. STRESS: Make a poster about stress and how to manage it. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. PTSD: Write a magazine article about PTSD. Include imaginary interviews with people who have PTSD. Write about how they dealt with it.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on stress. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to manage it. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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